"Nearly every parliamentary proceding is a tacit confession of incompetency. There is scarcely a bill introduced but is entitled "An act to amend an act"... The history of one scheme is the history of all. First comes enactment, them probation, then failure; next an amendment and another failure...and, after many alternate tinkerings and abortive trials, arrives at lenght repeal, followed by the substitution of some fresh plan, doomed to rum the same course and share a like fate." H. Spencer.
O Ministério da Educação (MEC) anunciou em abril o fim do programa Ciência sem Fronteiras (CsF), que concedeu entre 2011 e 2016 quase 104 mil bolsas, sendo 78,9 mil delas de graduação sanduíche no exterior. O ministério seguirá…
"Imagine you thought that helping the worst-off was what mattered most, but that free markets were the best way of doing it.
You might be a neoliberal: someone who thinks that lightly-regulated markets, free trade and free movement are the best way to create wealth and innovation domestically and globally, but that the state does have a role to play in redistributing some of the proceeds to the least well-off.
Back in 2014, I wrote a column asking my leftist friends two very serious questions. And I often repeat these questions when debating proponents of bigger government. Can you name a nation that became rich with statist policies? Can you name a nation that with interventionism and big government that is out-performing a similar nation with free markets and small government? I’ve yet to receive a good answer to either question. Many leftists point to certain European welfare states, but I debunk that claim by pointing out that those nations became rich when government was very small (about 10 percent of GDP, about one-half the size of the current Hong Kong and Singapore public sectors). Others ...
"Science is based on fact, right? Cold, unchanging, unarguable facts. Perhaps not, says physicist Tara Shears.
"Tara is more inclined to follow the principles of the Anglo-Austrian philosopher, Karl Popper. He believed that human knowledge progresses through 'falsification'. A theory or idea shouldn't be described as scientific unless it could, in principle, be proven false.
"Raised in a Vienna in thrall to Marxism and Freudianism, Popper bristled against these 'sciences' whi...ch could adapt and survive to prevailing political and social conditions. They could not be proven false and so they were not science. The ideas of Einstein, by contrast, could be tested scientifically and might one day be proven false.
"An interesting principle certainly, but potentially demoralising for a scientist who could see her life's work dissolve in front of her eyes. Tara joins her colleagues at the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva to ponder the implications of Popper's work. She also meets Popper's former student, John Worrall and string theoretician David Tong."
"Liberal, democratic societies all recognise freedom of association as a fundamental right. Broadly, every person is free to associate with whomever they want as long as such association is not a danger to society, to form whatever organisations they wish. What, however, about the obverse? Why should there not be freedom of dissociation – the right to withdraw one’s association from any organisation or body one wishes, as long as one is not a danger to society? Why should one...
Entrevista do André Lara Rezende a propósito de seu novo livro. A conexão entre juros excessivamente altos e a dívida pública é o tema da vez. Se não estivéssemos nessa baderna política era disso que deveráiamos estar falando, era essa a agenda positiva "fora da caixa".
Leia mais: https://oglobo.globo.com/…/verdadeiro-vicio-brasileiro-a-de… stest
"Today is my TEN YEAR travel anniversary! To celebrate, I made this video to gather some of my best travel footage, while sharing the top lessons I've learned in the last decade on the road. Soon after I made this video, National Geographic announced me as their traveler of the year!
"Here are the lessons one by one:
1. Happiness has no price tag... 2. Be an imperfectionist 3. The magic happens outside of your comfort zone 4. The world owes you nothing 5. Get busy living 6. Every single person is fascinating and can teach you something 7. It's OK to say "I was wrong" 8. The present is what really matters. 9. Be generous and kind to others 10. We're all making it up as we go" Ver mais
"If we expect, with Popper, that all our best theories of fundamental physics are going to be superseded eventually, and we therefore believe their negations, it is still those false theories, not their true negations, that constitute all our deepest knowledge of physics.
"What science really seeks to ‘maximise’ (or rather, create) is explanatory power."
By ‘Bayesian’ philosophy of science I mean the position that (1) the objective of science is, or should be, to increase our ‘credence’ for true theories, and that (2) the credences held by a rational thinker obey the probability calculus. However, if T is an explanatory theory (e.g. ‘the sun is powe...
WHEN the Archduke Franz Ferdinand (pictured right) was assassinated in 1914, there were few initial indications that world war would follow. In retrospect, many people have argued that the killing was a freak event that should not have resulted in the folly of war. But was the subsequent war really an exogenous event? Or was it the near-inevitable consequence of the tensions resulting from the first great era of globalisation? If Franz Ferdinand had survived, maybe something else would have triggered the conflict. If the latter possibility is right, that may be a warning sign for the current era. From 1870 to 1914, the first great era of globalisation saw rapid economic growth, trade that grew ...
O mito, originado no séc. XIX e ampliado em particular a partir da segunda metade do séc. XX pela esquerda, de que a ocupação da Andaluzia pelos árabes seria um exemplo perfeito da integração, tolerância e harmonia por parte do Islão (como Obama chegou a referir-se) é aqui despedaçado.
Scholars, journalists, and politicians uphold Muslim-ruled medieval Spain—“al-Andalus”—as a multicultural paradise, a place where Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived in harmony. There is only one problem with this widely accepted…
In the years before the outbreak of World War II, people of German ancestry living abroad were encouraged to form citizens groups to both extol “German virtues,” around the world, and to lobby for causes helpful to Nazi Party goals. In the United States, the Amerikadeutscher Volksbund, orGerman American Bund, was formed in 1936 as “an organization of patriotic Americans of German stock,” operating about 20 youth and training camps, and eventually growing to a membership in the tens of thousands among 70 regional divisions across the country. On February 20, 1939, the Bund held an “Americanization” rally in New York’s Madison Square Garden, denouncing Jewish conspiracies, President Roosevelt, and others. The rally, attended by 20,000 supporters and members, was protested by huge crowds of anti-Nazis, who were held back by 1,500 NYC police officers. As World War II began in 1939, the German American Bund fell apart, many of its assets were seized, and its leader arrested for embezzlement, and later deported to Germany.
Republicans are trying to cut health care spending. But hacking away at Medicaid, weakening coverage requirements and replacing Obamacare’s subsidies with a convoluted tax credit will not deal with the real crisis in American health care.
The Affordable Care Act was misnamed; it should have been called the Access to Unaffordable Care Act. In 2015 health care spending reached $3.2 trillion — $10,000 for every man, woman and child in America. While our health care system is the most expensive in the world by far, on many measures of performance it ranked last out of 11 developed countries, according to a 2014 Commonwealth Fund Report.
But deregulation will not fix it. To the extent that we can call it a market at all, health care is not self-correcting. Instead, it is a colossal network of unaccountable profit centers, the pricing of which has been controlled by medical specialists since the mid-20th century. Neither Republicans nor Democrats have been willing to address this.
Most Americans mistakenly believe that they must see specialists for almost every medical problem. What people don’t know is that specialists essentially determine the services that are covered by insurance, and the prices that may be charged for them.
Physician specialty groups have created “societies” to provide education, establish clinical guidelines and handle public relations. These range from the Society of Surgical Oncology to the group that represents me and my ear, nose and throat colleagues, the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. They are also lobbyists, charged with maximizing the incomes of member doctors by influencing pricing decisions made by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Those prices become the benchmarks for private health insurance companies, too.
There are so many specialty organizations because each develops authority over a niche market and vigorously guards its turf. Imagine building a house by allowing each workman to do his own thing. The plumber would put a sink in every room. The electrician would install chandeliers on every ceiling. The carpenter would panel every room in luxurious wood. That’s how health care works.
Though they would vigorously deny it, entrepreneurial doctors often treat each patient as an opportunity to make money. Research shows that physicians quickly adapt their treatment choices if the fees they get paid change. But the current payment incentives do more than drive up costs — they can kill people.
Sedated endoscopy, for example, which is used by gastroenterologists to treat conditions like acid reflux and to perform colonoscopies, carries significant risks of adverse effects, including mortality. Joan Rivers’s death from the procedure was not a one-in-a-million complication. Reported death rates vary considerably, but one rigorous study suggests that the death rate is 1 in 9,000. Since approximately 18 million sedated endoscopies are done each year in the United States, “routine endoscopies” may cause 2,000 deaths a year.